Course Title  Practical Physics III  
Course Code  PHY301G2  
Credit Value  02  
Hourly breakdown  Theory  Practical  Independent Learning  
–  90  10  
Objectives  
· Provide practical knowledge by applying experimental methods to correlate with the Physics theory · Use various measurements related to modern physics, optics, electronics, mechanics and thermal physics · Apply the analytical techniques and graphical analysis to experimental data · Develop intellectual communication skills · Demonstrate the interpersonal skills through seminar presentations  
Intended Learning Outcomes  
· Demonstrate conceptual understanding of fundamental physics principles · Perform experiments in optics with spectrometer with diffraction gratings · Analyse properties of gratings, emission spectra of certain elements produced by gas discharge tubes · Investigate the thermal conductivity of poor thermal conductors using Lee’s Disk · Distinguish different mechanisms of heat transfer · Construct circuits involving Owen’s and Capacitance bridge · Verify the concepts of material and modern physics · Analyse different types of errors associated with scientific measurements · Explain experimental outcomes in relation to existing physics theories · Report the experimental results · Disseminate knowledge through oral presentations  
Course Contents  
· Optics: Single slit diffraction, Oblique incidence in transmission grating, Hydrogen spectrum, Helium spectrum, Polarization by pile of plates. Laser diffraction, Dispersion and chromatic resolving power of prism, Cauchy’s Equation, Application of Rayleigh’s Criterion · AC Theory: Owen’s Bridge, Capacitance Bridge. Mutual Inductance, Coupled circuit · Mechanics and Waves: Cantilever, Coupled oscillator, Kater’s pendulum, Microwaves and Ultrasonic Waves · Modern Physics: Radioactive Statistical Counting, Radioactive Decay, Xray diffraction · Thermodynamics: Temperature Coefficient, Thermo Generator, Specific Heat Capacity of a Liquid, Lee’s Disc.
Oral Presentation: · Students will be trained on preparing and making oral presentation on selected topic.  
Teaching and Learning Methods  
Presentation on experiments Demonstration Weekly notebook and lab report Oral presentations  
Assessment Strategy  
· Continuous assessment on practical classes, notebook, and lab reports · Oral presentation during the course · End of Semester Practical Examinations  50 % 10 % 40 %  
Recommended References  
i Loyd, D. H., Physics Laboratory Manual (3rd Edition), Thomson Higher Education, USA (2008) i Garbovskiy, Y. A., Glushchenko, A. V., A Practical Guide to Experimental Geometrical Optics, Cambridge University Press (2017). i Willson, J., D., Hernandez Hall, C. A., Physics Laboratory Experiments (8th Edition), Cengage Learning, USA (2015). · James, J. F., An Introduction to Practical Laboratory Optics, Cambridge University Press (2014). 
Course Title 
Modern Physics 

Course Code 
PHY302G3 

Credit Value 
03 

Hourly breakdown 
Theory 
Practical 
Independent Learning 

45 
– 
105 

Objectives 

i Introduce
the basics of nuclear and particle physics i Outline
the inadequacy of classical physics and the need for modern theories i Illustrate
different types of atomic models i Apply
quantum concepts for studying atomic spectra 

Intended Learning Outcomes 

· Explain the constraints of Classical
Mechanics · Discuss the origin of energy quantization
and quantum tunneling effects · Solve the Schrödinger equation for a range
of problems · Discuss the evolution of atomic models · Explain the atomic and nuclear properties applying
quantum concepts ·
Categorize
different types of nuclear reactions 

Course Contents 

Quantum Physics: Inadequacy of
classical mechanics, Photo electric effect, Compton effect, wave particle
duality, de Broglie wave, Heisenberg’s uncertainly principle, Schrödinger
wave equation, probability density, solution of simple time independent
Schrödinger equationsthe step potential and the potential well. Atomic Physics: Alpha particle scattering, Thomson atomic model,
Bohr model of the Hydrogen atom, Rutherford model of the atom, estimation of
the size of the nucleus, Bohr’s theory and its limitations, Schrödinger
equation for the hydrogen atom and its solution, the total, orbital, and
magnetic quantum numbers, atomic spectra, Zeeman effect, fine structure of
spectra and spin quantum number, many electron atoms, production and
properties of Xrays. Nuclear Physics: Nuclear composition, mass and
size of nucleus, nuclear forces, nuclear stability, radioactive
transformation, liquid drop model of nuclei and its applications, nuclear
reactions, nuclear fission and fusion, a brief introduction to elementary
particles. 

Teaching and Learning Methods 

Lectures and tutorial discussions,
elearning, handouts, and guided learning 

Assessment Strategy 

InCourse Assessment End of Course Examination 
30 % 

70 % 

Recommended References 

i Krane,
K. S., Modern Physics (2^{nd} edition), Wiley (1995) i Taylor,
J., Zafiratos, C., and Dubson, M. A., Modern Physics for Scientists and
Engineers (2^{nd} edition), AddisonWesley (2003) i
French, A. P., and Taylor, E. F., Introduction to Quantum Physics (The MIT
introductory physics series), W.W. Norton and Company (1978) 
Course Title  Thermal and Statistical Physics  
Course Code  PHY303G3  
Credit Value  03  
Hourly breakdown  Theory  Practical  Independent Learning  
45  –  105  
Objectives  
· Discuss the laws of classical thermodynamics and formulations of statistical physics · Apply principles of thermodynamics to simple thermal engines · Make use of kinetic theory to understand the properties of materials  
Intended Learning Outcomes  
· Explain the first and second law of thermodynamics and their applications in calculating work done and entropies · Estimate thermal efficiency of heat engines and coefficient of performance refrigerators · Apply the derived Maxwell’s relations to problems in thermodynamics · Estimate changes in temperature of systems subjected to cooling · Apply Planck’s hypothesis to obtain the Stefan’s law to analyze radiation emitted by a blackbody. · Evaluate mean free path, coefficient of thermal conductivity, diffusion coefficient and coefficient of viscosity of a gas molecule. · Adapt statistical theory for a gaseous system to estimate its velocities.  
Course Contents  
· Thermodynamics: Zeroth law and the concept of temperature, work, heat, internal energy and the first law of thermodynamics, second law of thermodynamics, Carnot’s theorem, temperature, entropy, equation of state, Maxwell’s thermodynamic relations and their application to simple systems, production and measurement of low temperatures, the third law of thermodynamics, heat engines · Thermal radiation: The law of blackbody radiation, application of thermodynamics to blackbody radiation, radiation pyrometer · Kinetic theory: Ideal gases, Van der Waal’s gases, classical theory of specific heats of gases and solids, transport phenomena · Statistical physics: Thermodynamic probability and its relation to entropy, Boltzmann distribution and its classical limit, partition functions, application to solid like assemblies and gaseous systems, Maxwell’s distribution of velocities in gases  
Teaching and Learning Methods  
Lectures, tutorial discussions, elearning, handouts and guided learning  
Assessment Strategy 
 
InCourse Assessment End of Course Examination  30 % 70 %  
Recommended References  
· Zemansky, M. W., and Dittman, R. H., Heat and Thermodynamics (7^{th} edition), McGraw Hill, New York (1997)
· Nag, P. K., Basic and Applied Thermodynamics, Tata McGraw Hill, India (2002) · Moran, M. J., and Shapiro, H. N., Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics (5^{th} Edition), Wiley, New York (2006). 
Course Title  Medical Physics  
Course Code  PHY304G2  
Credit Value  02  
Hourly breakdown  Theory  Practical  Independent Learning  
25  15  60  
Objectives  
· Discuss the principles of physics behind the operation of therapeutic and diagnostic medical equipment · Explain the physical aspects of radiation dosimetry, treatment planning, dose calculations and distributions · Identify safety, radiation protection principles and procedures  
Intended Learning Outcomes  
· Summarize the differences between ionizing and nonionizing radiations · Explain the design of medical Xray system and the parameters that influence image quality · Explain most common modalities for our various types of imaging tests such as ultrasound scanner, PET scan and CT · Apply key concepts specific to energy deposition in tissues · Combine the dose related definitions in dose calculations  
Course Contents  
· Radiation physics: Review of atomic structure, characteristics of X rays, photoelectric effect, Compton effect, pair production, nuclear decay, radioactivity, types of radiations, interaction of radiation with matter, radiation detection and radiation dosimetry. · Medical imaging physics: Principles of image formation and quality, films and screens, digital imaging, image reconstruction with back projection, X ray Computed Tomography (CT) and image processing, radiography (mammography and fluoroscopy), principles of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), mapping and applications, nuclear medicine imaging [Gamma camera, Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET)], principles and practice of ultrasound imaging. · Radiotherapy physics and radiation protection: Medical transducers, standard equipment used in radiotherapy (linear accelerator and Cobalt teletherapy machine), basic physical aspects of photon and electron therapy, radiation treatment planning, dose calculations and distributions, radiation protection, safety considerations for patients and workers, quality assurance of medical devices.  
Teaching and Learning Methods  
Lectures, tutorial discussions, elearning, handouts, guided learning and clinical visit.  
Assessment Strategy  
InCourse Assessment Report on clinical site visit End of course examination  20% 10 % 70 %  
Recommended References  
· Wolbarst, A. B., Physics of Radiology (2nd edition), Medical Physics Pub Corp (2005), · Meredith, W.J. and Massey, J. B., Fundamental Physics of Radiology (3rd edition), ButterworthHeinemann (1977)
· Webb, S., The Physics of Medical Imaging (1st Edition), Crc Press (1988).  
Course Title  Introduction to Astrophysics and Cosmology  
Course Code  PHY305G2  
Credit Value  02  
Hourly breakdown  Theory  Practical  Independent Learning  
30  –  70  
Objectives  
· Recall the historical developments of astrophysics · Demonstrate how the basic physical laws explain the properties and dynamics of astronomical objects and the Universe · Explain the formation and properties of solar system, stars and galaxies · Deliver knowledge of the origin and the evolution of the universe  
Intended Learning Outcomes  
· Explain the physics of telescopes including geometric optics · Explain how astronomical distances are measured · Apply the derived Kepler’s Laws with Newton’s laws and theorems to a range of astrophysical objects including extrasolar planets · Explain the global properties and basic evolution of stars using the basic laws of physics · Discuss the structure of the Milky Way · Discuss the fundamental constituents of the Universe: baryons, dark matter and dark energy, and the observational evidence for their presence · Explain the evolution of our Universe, including the evidence for the Big Bang · Use the equations which describe the evolution of the Universe to derive properties of the Universe  
Course Contents  
The Universe and its physics: · Historical background of astronomy, units in astronomy and observational measurement techniques, motions of heavenly bodies, celestial sphere and the atlas of stars, uses of optical instruments in astronomy and Doppler Effect.
· The origin of the solar system and extrasolar planets, moon and eclipses, terrestrial and Jovian planets, properties of the Sun. · Formation and general properties of stars, measurement of basic stellar properties such as distance, luminosity, spectral classification, mass, density and radii, Stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis, white dwarfs, neutron stars, black holes, structure of the milky way, other galaxies and their properties.
· Olber’s paradox, Hubble’s Law; the age of the Universe; Evolution of the Universe: Madau diagram; Evidence for the Big Bang (blackbody radiation, nucleosynthesis); dark energy and the accelerating Universe.  
Teaching and Learning Methods  
Lectures, tutorial discussions, elearning, handouts and guided learning  
Assessment Strategy  
Incourse Assessments End of course examination  30% 70%  
Recommended References  
· Carroll, B. W., and Ostlie, D. A., An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics (2^{nd} edition), AddisonWesley (2006) · Dufay, J., Introduction to Astrophysics: The Stars (reissue edition), Dover Publications (2012) · Ryden, B. and Peterson, B. M., Foundations of Astrophysics (1^{st} edition), AddisonWesley (2010) · Maoz, D, Astrophysics in a Nutshell, 2nd edition (Princton University Press) (2016) 
Course Title  Introduction to Astrophysics and Cosmology  
Course Code  PHY305G2  
Credit Value  02  
Hourly breakdown  Theory  Practical  Independent Learning  
30  –  70  
Objectives  
· Recall the historical developments of astrophysics · Demonstrate how the basic physical laws explain the properties and dynamics of astronomical objects and the Universe · Explain the formation and properties of solar system, stars and galaxies · Deliver knowledge of the origin and the evolution of the universe  
Intended Learning Outcomes  
· Explain the physics of telescopes including geometric optics · Explain how astronomical distances are measured · Apply the derived Kepler’s Laws with Newton’s laws and theorems to a range of astrophysical objects including extrasolar planets · Explain the global properties and basic evolution of stars using the basic laws of physics · Discuss the structure of the Milky Way · Discuss the fundamental constituents of the Universe: baryons, dark matter and dark energy, and the observational evidence for their presence · Explain the evolution of our Universe, including the evidence for the Big Bang · Use the equations which describe the evolution of the Universe to derive properties of the Universe  
Course Contents  
The Universe and its physics: ·Historical background of astronomy, units in astronomy and observational measurement techniques, motions of heavenly bodies, celestial sphere and the atlas of stars, uses of optical instruments in astronomy and Doppler Effect.
· Olber’s paradox, Hubble’s Law; the age of the Universe; Evolution of the Universe: Madau diagram; Evidence for the Big Bang (blackbody radiation, nucleosynthesis); dark energy and the accelerating Universe.  
Teaching and Learning Methods  
Lectures, tutorial discussions, elearning, handouts and guided learning  
Assessment Strategy  
Incourse Assessments End of course examination  30% 70%  
Recommended References  
· Carroll, B. W., and Ostlie, D. A., An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics (2^{nd} edition), AddisonWesley (2006) · Dufay, J., Introduction to Astrophysics: The Stars (reissue edition), Dover Publications (2012) · Ryden, B. and Peterson, B. M., Foundations of Astrophysics (1^{st} edition), AddisonWesley (2010) · Maoz, D, Astrophysics in a Nutshell, 2nd edition (Princton University Press) (2016) 
Course Title 
Basic Electricity and
Electronics 

Course Code 
ELE301G3 

Credit Value 
03 

Hourly breakdown 
Theory 
Practical 
Independent Learning 

35 
30 
85 

Objectives 

i Recall the basics of simple
electrical and electronic circuits i Understand operation of
semiconductor devices i Construct singlestage amplifiers using Bipolar
junction transistors (BJT) and field effect transistors (FET) i Verify the theoretical concepts and simple circuits through
laboratory experiments 

Intended Learning Outcomes 

i Analyse a linear electrical circuit using loop and
node analysis, Thevenin’s and Norton’s theorem i Explain the currentvoltage behaviour of a
capacitors and inductors connected to an ‘ac’ source i Outline the working principle of pn junction diodes
and their applications i Discuss the working principle of BJT, and JFET i Analyse a small signal analysis of a BJT and FET
amplifier using small signal models 

Course Contents 

Current electricity: Kirchhoff’s Laws, nodal
and loop analysis, bridges, Thevanin’s and Norton’s theorem, maximum power
transfer theorem. AC Theory: Introduction
to alternating current, rms, average and peakto peak values, AC capacitance
and capacitive resistance, AC inductance and inductive resistance, frequency
response of RC and LC circuits, resonance in RLC circuits. Semiconductor
Diodes and application: Semiconductor basics, origin of energy bands, types of
semiconductors, pn junctions; operation, forward and reverse biased pn
junction, avalanche and Zener breakdown, application of pn junction diodes:
half and full wave rectifier, smoothing and voltage regulation Bipolar
junction transistors: working principle of BJTs,
transistor characteristics (input, transfer and output characteristics)
transistor biasing, ac and dc load line, action of a BJT as a switch, action
of a BJT as an amplifier, transistor amplifier design, small signal low frequency
equivalent circuit models of BJT Field
effect transistors (FET): Types
of FETs, working principle of JFET, characteristics of JFET, JFET amplifiers,
small signal low‑frequency equivalent circuit models of BJT. Introduction to
MOSFETs. 

Teaching and Learning Methods 

Inperson Lectures, tutorial
discussions, elearning, handouts, guided
learning and practical sessions 

Assessment Strategy 


Practical Continuous Assessments of
Practical Reports (15 %) End of Course
Practical Examination (15 %) Theory
InCourse Assessment
Examinations (20%) End of
Course Examination (50 %) 
30 %
70 % 

Recommended References 

· William H. Hayt, Jack Kemmerly, Steven M. Durbin,
Engineering Circuit Analysis (8th edition), McGrawHill Education (2012) · Jacob Millman, C. C. Haikias, Chetan D Parikh,
Integrated Electronics: Analog and Digital Circuits and Systems (2^{nd}
Edition), McGrawHill Education (2009) · Jacob Millman, Arvin Grabel, Microelectronics (2^{nd} Edition), McGraw Hill India (2001) ·
Adel S. Sedra,
Kenneth C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, (6^{th} edition), Oxford
University Press 
Course Title 
Analogue and Digital
Electronics 

Course Code 
ELE302G3 

Credit Value 
03 

Hourly breakdown 
Theory 
Practical 
Independent Learning 

35 
30 
85 

Objectives 

· Understand the designing process of an integrated
circuit · Understand the working principle of differential and
operational amplifier · Design and construct electronic circuits using analogue
and digital ICs. ·
Discuss the basics of
microprocessor and explore its applications 

Intended Learning Outcomes 

· Explain the evolution of integrated circuits · Design and construct op ampbased circuits for analog
computation · Make use of logic gates, multiplexers and programmable
gate arrays to construct combinational logic circuits · Construct simple combinational and sequential
electronic circuits ·
Outline the architecture and
application of microcontrollers and microprocessors 

Course Contents 

Integrated circuits: Evolution of integrated
circuits, integrated circuit components and types, introduction to VLSI and
semiconductor processing Differential amplifiers: Operation of differential
amplifiers, common and differential mode of operation, common mode rejection
ratio Operational amplifier: Introduction to operational
amplifiers, IC 741, characteristics of ideal and nonideal operational
amplifiers, analogue electronic circuits with operational amplifiers
(inverting and noninverting amplifiers, voltage follower, current source,
voltage source, filter, analogue computing circuits to perform addition,
subtraction, differentiation, integration, exponentiation and logarithms) Digital electronics: Logic gates, Boolean
functions and operations, laws and rules of Boolean algebra, DeMorgan’s
theorem, introduction to TTL and CMOS logic, Boolean expressions and truth
tables, Karnaugh maps, Combinational circuits: (adder, substractor,
comparator, decoder, encoder, multiplexer, demultiplexer), Sequential
circuits: flipflops, registers, counters, State diagrams and tables, State
minimization, and output realization Introduction to
microcontrollers and microprocessors: Microcontroller: Architecture, instruction set,
I/O ports and peripherals, introduction to microcontrollers, basic computer
architecture, introduction to CPU: ALU, CU and memory 

Teaching and Learning Methods 

Inperson Lectures, tutorial
discussions, elearning, handouts, guided
learning and practical sessions 

Assessment Strategy 

Practical Continues Assessment of
Practical Reports (15 %) End of Course
Practical Examination (15 %) Theory InCourse Assessment
Examinations (20 %) End of
Course Examination (50 %) 
30 %
70 % 

Recommended References 

· Roy Choudhury, D, Jain, B and Shail
Jain, Linear Integrated Circuits (4^{th} edition), New Age Publishers (2010) · M. Morris Mano and Michael D. Ciletti,
Digital Design with an Introduction to the Verilog HDL (5^{th}
edition), Pearson Education (2013) · Thomas L. Floyd, David M. Buchla, Basic Operational
Amplifiers and Linear Integrated Circuits (2^{nd} edition), Prentice
Hall (1999) · Sergio Franco, Design with
operational amplifiers and analog integrated circuits (3^{rd}
edition), Mc Graw Hill Education, (2014) 