Title of the Course Unit  Practical Physics II  
Course Code  PHY 201 G2  
Credit Value  02 (90 hours of practical)  
Objectives 
 
Intended Learning Outcomes  · Develop experimental skills to carry out laboratory practical in Optics and Electronics · Explain experimental findings in relation to existing theories · Conclude the experimental results · Disseminate knowledge through contentoriented poster  
Content/Description 
 
Poster Presentation: Students will be trained on preparing and presenting good posters. They will be allowed to select topic which could explain basic principle in any areas of Physics. Posters will be evaluated under following categories: Typography, Layout & Structure and Content of the poster as well as Interaction of the poster presenter with audience.  
Teaching and Learning Methods / Activities  Laboratory demonstration Weekly lab reports Poster presentation  
Evaluation  Continuous assessment on practical classes and lab reports  50 % 
Poster presentation during the course  10 %  
End of Practical Examinations in Electronics and Optics  40 %  
Recommended References 

Title of the Course Unit  Solid State Physics  
Course Code  PHY 202 G2  
Credit Value  02 (30 hours of lectures and tutorials)  
Objectives  i Distinguish various types of atomic/molecular bonds i Analyze different types of crystal structures i Explain thermal and electrical properties of matter i Classify insulators, semiconductors and conductors  
Intended Learning Outcomes  · Demonstrate different types of bonds · Categorize different types of crystal structures · Develop models for thermal and electrical properties of solids · Categorize different types of semiconductors · Demonstrate the formation of pn junctions  
Content /Description  Structure of matter: Nature of matter, charge to mass ratio of electrons, mass spectrograph, determination of the electron charge, crystals, types of crystals, crystal structures, unit cells, FCC, BCC and HCP structures, crystal defects, Xray diffraction.  
Interatomic forces: Molecules and binding forces; Van der Waals, ionic, covalent and metallic bonds.  
Thermal properties of solids: Monoatomic and diatomic lattice vibration, boundary conditions, phonon density of states, Classical theory of heat capacity of solids, Einstein model, Debye model, thermal expansion.  
Electrical properties: Drude free electron theory of metals, failures of Drude model, Sommerfeld free electron theory, Density of states, FermiDirac statistics, Fermi energy, the qualitative introduction to band theory of solids, classification of solids based on energy band diagram, introduction to semiconductors, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, donors and acceptors, Fermi level in semiconductors, formation of pn junctions.  
Teaching and Learning Methods / Activities  Lectures and tutorial discussions  
Evaluation  InCourse Assessment Examinations  30 % 
End of Course Examination  70 %  
Recommended References 

Title of the Course Unit  Optics and Special Relativity  
Course Code  PHY 203 G2  
Credit Value  02 (30 hours of lectures and tutorials)  
Objective/s  · Illustrate the basic principles of geometrical optics Explain the interference, diffraction and polarization of light · Introduce the operating principle of lasers and its applications Explain the concepts of special relativity  
Intended Learning Outcomes  · Apply lens maker equations for thick and thin lenses · Categorize the formation of various types of aberrations in lenses · Understand the interference, diffraction and polarization of light · Demonstrate Einstein postulates in special theory of relativity  
Contents  Ray Optics: Huygen’s principle, spherical mirrors, thick and thin lenses, lens combinations, lens aberration, eye pieces, telescope, microscope.  
Interference: Wave nature of light, two beam interference on nonreflecting films, Michelson interferometer, Rayleigh refractometer, multiple beam interference, Fabry–Perot interferometer and its chromatic resolving power, interference filters.  
Diffraction: (FraunhÖfer diffraction) Single slit diffraction, chromatic resolving power of a prism, resolving power of telescopes and microscopes. Double slit diffraction, Michelson’s stellar interferometer, multiple slit diffraction, diffraction and reflection gratings, chromatic resolving power of gratings (Fresnel diffraction), Diffraction at a straight edge, diffraction at circular apertures and obstacles, the zone plate.  
Polarization: Polarization by absorption, polarization by reflection, scattering and double refraction, properties of ordinary and extraordinary rays, quarter wave and half wave plates, interference of polarized light.  
Introduction to Lasers: The fundamental physical processes of lasers, variety of specific laser systems, optical laser gain, oscillation, resonators, application of laser  
Special theory of relativity: Invariance of the velocity of light in vacuum and its experimental confirmation, Einstein’s postulates, Lorentz transformation of space and time coordinates, time dilation, length contraction and their experimental confirmations, transformation of velocities, massvelocity and massenergy relationships, transformation of momentum and energy, simple applications of special relativity.  
Teaching and Learning Methods / Activities  Lectures and tutorial discussions  
Evaluation  InCourse Assessment Examinations  30 % 
End of Course Examination  70 %  
Recommended References 

Title of the Course Unit 
Electromagnetism 

Course Code 
PHY 204 G2 

Credit Value 
02 (30 hours of lectures and tutorials) 

Objective/s 


Intended Learning Outcomes 


Contents 
Electrostatics: Coulomb’s law, electric field (E) and potential (V), Gauss’s law in vacuum, Laplace’s and Poisson’s equation, electric dipoles, uniqueness theorems, conducting sphere in electric field, the method of images: point charge near conducting sphere and line charge near conducting cylinder as examples, capacitance of parallel cylinders, work and energy in electrostatics, force on a charged conductor. Isotropic dielectrics, polarization charges, Gauss’s law in dielectric, permittivity and susceptibility, properties of electric displacement (D) and electric field (E), boundary conditions at dielectric boundaries, relationship between electric field (E) and polarization (P), thin slab in electric field, dielectric sphere in an electric field, local fields inside dielectrics, ClausiusMossotti equation. 

Magnetostatics: Forces between current carrying elements, Gauss’s law, dipoles, magnetic scalar potential, Ampère’s law, magnetic vector potential. Magnetic media, magnetization, permeability and magnetic susceptibility, properties of magnetic field (B) and magnetic field intensity (H), boundary conditions at surfaces, methods of calculating B and H, magnetisable sphere in a uniform magnetic field, electromagnets, magnetic circuits, diamagnetism, paramagnetism, ferromagnetism, CurieWeiss law, domains, hysteresis, permanent magnets. 

Time varying EM fields: Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s law, magnetic energy, selfinductance, inductance of a long solenoid, coaxial cylinders, parallel cylinders, mutual inductance, transformers, displacement current, Maxwell’s equations, electromagnetic waves. 

Teaching and Learning Methods / Activities 
Lectures and tutorial discussions 

Evaluation 
InCourse Assessment Examinations 
30 % 
End of Course Examination 
70 % 

Recommended References 

Title of the Course Unit  Computational Physics  
Course Code  PHY 205 G2  
Credit Value  02 (20 hours of lectures and 30 hours of practical)  
Objective/s  · Outline the features of MATLAB · Apply numerical methods in solving physics problems · Design algorithms to simulate physics problems  
Intended Learning Outcomes  · Illustrate the capabilities and limitations of computational methods in solving homogeneous linear equations · Explain the characteristics of various numerical methods exploited in solving physics problems. · Analyze physical problems and their solutions on a computer. · Develop skills to write and develop simple simulation programs  
Contents  Introduction: Programming languages and algorithms, scientific software libraries  
Numerical methods with programming exercises in MATLAB: Root finding, solving linear systems by direct and iterative methods, interpolation and extrapolation, differentiation and integration, curve fitting, matrices and eigenvalue problems, linear and nonlinear equations, eigensystems, solution of ordinary differential equations, elementary statistics, Fourier transforms.  
Computer simulation of the physics problems: The motion of falling objects, two body problems, mini solar system, two body scattering, harmonic oscillator, electric circuit oscillator, electric field due to a charge distribution.  
Teaching and Learning Methods / Activities  Lectures and tutorial discussions  
Evaluation  Theory InCourse Assessment Examinations End of course examination 
30% 70 % 
Practical Continuous assessment of practical reports End of course practical examinations 
40 % 60 %  
Weightage: Theory Practical 
75 % 25 %  
Recommended References 
