Selected Publications (Scopus indexed) of the Staff of the department


{tab=2010 to 2019}




A. Opitz, P. Badamia, L. Shen, K. Vignarooban, A.M. Kannan, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 68 (Part 1), 685–692,, (2017)





S. Ramesh, M. Mohaymen Khan, H.C. Alexander Chee, Y.H. Wong, P. Ganesan, M.G. Kutty,
U. Sutharsini, W.J. Kelvin Chew, A. Niakan, Sintering behaviour and properties of graphene oxide-doped Y-TZP ceramics, 42 (15), 17620–17625,, 15.11.2016 (2016)





K. Vignarooban, X. Chu, K. Chimatapu, P. Ganeshram, S. Pollat, N.G. Johnson, A. Razdan, D.S. Pelley and A.M. Kannan, State of Health Determination of Sealed Lead-acid Batteries Under Various Operating Conditions, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 18, 134-139,, (2016) 





Xu, X., Vignarooban, K., Xu, B., Hsu, K. & Kannan, A. M. Prospects and problems of concentrating solar power technologies for power generation in the desert regions. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev 53, 1106-1131, doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.09.015 (2016).




Thevakaran, A.,  McGregor, J.L.,  Katzfey, J.,  Hoffmann, P.,  Suppiah, R.,  Sonnadara, D.U.J.  , An assessment of CSIRO Conformal Cubic Atmospheric Model simulations over Sri Lanka, 46(5-6), 1861-1875, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-015-2680-4, 01.03.2016 (2016)





Vignarooban, K.,  Kushagra, R.,  Elango, A.,  Badami, P.,  Mellander, B.-E.,  Xu, X.d,  Tucker, T.G.,  Nam, C.,  Kannan, A.M. , Current trends and future challenges of electrolytes for sodium-ion batteries, 41(4), 2829-2846, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.12.090, 30.01.2016 (2016



Ravirajan, P., Prashanthan, K.,  Thivakarasarma, T.,  Balashankar, K.,  Effect of interface modifiers on hole mobility in Hybrid Nanoporous Titanium dioxide (TiO2) / Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) solar cells, 7388713, 736-738, DOI: 10.1109/NANO.2015.7388713, 20.01.2016 (2016



Xu, X.ab,  Vignarooban, K.c,  Xu, B.d,  Hsu, K.a,  Kannan, A.M.a Prospects and problems of concentrating solar power technologies for power generation in the desert regions, 53, 1106-1131, DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.09.015, 01.01.2016 (2016)



Vignarooban, K. et al. Vapor pressure and corrosivity of ternary metal-chloride molten-salt based heat transfer fluids for use in concentrating solar power systems. Appl. Energy 159, 206-213, doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.08.131 (2015).



Vignarooban, K., Xu, X., Arvay, A., Hsu, K. & Kannan, A. M. Heat transfer fluids for concentrating solar power systems – A review. Appl. Energy 146, 383-396, doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.125 (2015).
81. Vignarooban, K. et al. Nano-electrocatalyst materials for low temperature fuel cells: A review. Cuihua Xuebao Chin. J. Catalysis 36, 458-472, doi:10.1016/S1872-2067(14)60175-3 (2015).
80. Vignarooban, K., Dissanayake, M. A. K. L., Albinsson, I. & Mellander, B. E. Ionic conductivity enhancement in PEO:CuSCN solid polymer electrolyte by the incorporation of nickel-chloride. Solid State Ionics 278, 177-180, doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2015.06.014 (2015).



Thevakaran, A. et al. An assessment of CSIRO Conformal Cubic Atmospheric Model simulations over Sri Lanka. Clim. Dyn., doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2680-4 (2015)



Tharsika, T., Haseeb, A. S. M. A., Akbar, S. A. & Thanihaichelvan, M. Tailoring ZnO nanostructures by spray pyrolysis and thermal annealing. Ceram Int 41, 5205-5211, doi:10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.12.062 (2015).



Thanihaichelvan, M., Sockiah, K., Balashangar, K. & Ravirajan, P. Cadmium sulfide interface layer for improving the performance of titanium dioxide/poly (3-hexylthiophene) solar cells by extending the spectral response. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 26, 3558-3563, doi:10.1007/s10854-015-2869-7 (2015).



Thanihaichelvan, M., et al. The effect of surface roughness of substrates on the performance of polycrystalline cadmium sulfide/cadmium telluride solar cells. J. Nanoelectron. Optoelectron. 10, 435-439, doi:10.1166/jno.2015.1777 (2015).



Vignarooban, K., Pugazhendhi, P., Tucker, C., Gervasio, D. & Kannan, A. M. Corrosion resistance of Hastelloys in molten metal-chloride heat-transfer fluids for concentrating solar power applications. Sol. Energy 103, 62-69, doi:10.1016/j.solener.2014.02.002 (2014).



Vignarooban, K., Dissanayake, M. A. K. L., Albinsson, I. & Mellander, B. E. Effect of TiO2 nano-filler and EC plasticizer on electrical and thermal properties of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) based solid polymer electrolytes. Solid State Ionics 266, 25-28, doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2014.08.002 (2014).



Vignarooban, K., Boolchand, P., Micoulaut, M., Malki, M. & Bresser, W. J. Rigidity transitions in glasses driven by changes in network dimensionality and structural groupings. EPL 108, doi:10.1209/0295-5075/108/56001 (2014).



Sutharsini, U. et al. Effect of sintering holding time on lowtemperature degradation of yttria stabilized zirconia ceramics. Mater. Res. Innov. 18, S6-408-S406-411, doi:10.1179/1432891714Z.000000000988 (2014).



Sutharsini, U. et al. Low-temperature degradation and defect relationship in yttria-tetragonal zirconia polycrystal ceramic. Mater. Res. Innov. 18, S6-131-S136-134, doi:10.1179/1432891714Z.000000000943 (2014).



Sivasubramaniam, S., Faramus, A., Tilley, R. D. & Alkaisi, M. M. Performance enhancement in silicon solar cell by inverted nanopyramid texturing and silicon quantum dots coating. J. Renewable Sustainable Energy 6, doi:10.1063/1.4828364 (2014).



Sivasubramaniam, S. & Alkaisi, M. M. Inverted nanopyramid texturing for silicon solar cells using interference lithography. Microelectron Eng 119, 146-150, doi:10.1016/j.mee.2014.04.004 (2014).
68. Khan, M. M. et al. Effect of Copper Oxide and Manganese Oxide on Properties and Low Temperature Degradation of Sintered Y-TZP Ceramic. J Mater Eng Perform 23, 4328-4335, doi:10.1007/s11665-014-1231-1 (2014).



Govender, I., Pathmathas, T., Richter, M. & De Klerk, D. in 27th International Mineral Processing Congress, IMPC 2014.   (Gecamin) (2014).



Sutharsini, U., Ramesh, S., Tan, C. Y. & Teng, W. D. in 2013 2nd International Conference on Advanced Materials Design and Mechanics, ICAMDM 2013 Vol. 372   173-176 (Kuala Lumpur, (2013).



Thevakaran, A. & Sonnadara, D. U. J. Reconstruction of missing monthly temperature observations in Jaffna, Sri Lanka. J. Natl. Sci. Found. Sri Lanka 41, 21-28 (2013).



Sivasubramaniam, S., Kumar, D., Golovko, V. B. & Alkaisi, M. M. in Micro/Nano Materials, Devices, and Systems. (2013).
63. Sutharsini, U., Ramesh, S. et al. Influence of manganese on the sintering properties of tetragonal zirconia. Ceram Silikaty 57, 28-32 (2013).



Loheeswaran, S., Balashangar, K., Jevirshan, J. & Ravirajan, P. Controlling recombination kinetics of hybrid nanocrystalline titanium dioxide/polymer solar cells by inserting an alumina layer at the interface. J. Nanoelectron. Optoelectron. 8, 484-488, doi:10.1166/jno.2013.1514 (2013).



Ravirajan, P., Atienzar, P. & Nelson, J. Post-processing treatments in hybrid polymer/titanium dioxide multilayer solar cells. J. Nanoelectron. Optoelectron. 7, 498-502, doi:10.1166/jno.2012.1379 (2012).
60. Baláž, P. et al. Arsenic sulphide As 4S 4 nanoparticles: Physico-chemical properties and anticancer effects. J. Nano. Res. 18-19, 149-155, doi:10.4028/ (2012).



Senthuran, S., Holzwarth, C. W., Blaikie, R. J. & Alkaisi, M. M. in 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2011.  000936-000939 (2012).
58. Sarathchandran, S., Prashanthan, K. & Ravirajan, P. Role of poly (ethylenedioxythiophene) /poly (styrene sulphonate) on the performance of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide/poly(3-hexylthiophene) polymer solar cells. J. Nanoelectron. Optoelectron. 6, 272-276, doi:10.1166/jno.2011.1167 (2011).
57. Boolchand, P., Bhosle, S., Gunasekera, K., Vignarooban, K. & Chakraborty, S. Glass homogeneity precursive to self-organization. J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 13, 1353-1358 (2011).
56. Baláz, P. et al. in Nanotechnology 2011: Electronics, Devices, Fabrication, MEMS, Fluidics and Computational – 2011 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2011.  412-415 (2011).
55. Sarathchandran, S., Haridas, K., Kim, Y. & Ravirajan, P. Effect of temperature and light intensity on the performance of polymer/fullerene solar cells with titanium dioxide nanolayers. J. Nanoelectron. Optoelectron. 5, 243-246, doi:10.1166/jno.2010.1102 (2010).

{tab=2000 to 2009}

54. Ishwara, T., Ravirajan, P et al. Influence of polymer ionization potential on the open-circuit voltage of hybrid polymer/ Ti O2 solar cells. Appl Phys Lett 92, doi:10.1063/1.2840608 (2008).
53. Bandara, T. M. W. J., Ravirajan, P et al. Polyethyleneoxide (PEO)-based, anion conducting solid polymer electrolyte for PEC solar cells. J. Solid State Electrochem. 12, 913-917, doi:10.1007/s10008-007-0461-7 (2008).
52. Bouclé, J., Ravirajan, P. & Nelson, J. Hybrid polymer-metal oxide thin films for photovoltaic applications. J. Mater. Chem. 17, 3141-3153, doi:10.1039/b706547g (2007).
51. Ravirajan, P. et al. Hybrid polymer/zinc oxide photovoltaic devices with vertically oriented ZnO nanorods and an amphiphilic molecular interface layer. J Phys Chem B 110, 7635-7639, doi:10.1021/jp0571372 (2006).
50. Peiró, A. M. et al. Hybrid polymer/metal oxide solar cells based on ZnO columnar structures. J. Mater. Chem. 16, 2088-2096, doi:10.1039/b602084d (2006).
49. Ravirajan, P., Haque, S. A., Durrant, J. R., Bradley, D. D. C. & Nelson, J. The effect of polymer optoelectronic properties on the performance of multilayer hybrid polymer/TiO2 solar cells. Adv. Funct. Mater. 15, 609-618, doi:10.1002/adfm.200400165 (2005).
48. Ravirajan, P. et al. Efficient charge collection in hybrid polymer/ TiO2 solar cells using poly(ethylenedioxythiophene)/polystyrene sulphonate as hole collector. Appl Phys Lett 86, 1-3, doi:10.1063/1.1890468 (2005).
47. Peiró, A. M. et al. in Organic Photovoltaics VI. (eds Z. H. Kafafi & P. A. Lane) 1-8. (2004).
46. Ravirajan, P. et al. Nanoporous TiO2 solar cells sensitised with a fluorene-thiophene copolymer. Thin Solid Films 451-452, 624-629, doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2003.11.031 (2004).
45. Ravirajan, P. et al. in Organic Photovoltaics IV. (eds Z. H. Kafafi & P. A. Lane) 226-236.
44. Ravirajan, P. et al. Hybrid nanocrystalline TiO2 solar cells with a fluorene-thiophene copolymer as a sensitizer and hole conductor. J Appl Phys 95, 1473-1480, doi:10.1063/1.1638614 (2004).
43. Ravirajan, P. et al. in Organic Photovoltaics V. (eds Z. H. Kafafi & P. A. Lane) 232-243.
42. Nelson, J., Kirkpatrick, J. & Ravirajan, P. Factors limiting the efficiency of molecular photovoltaic devices. Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 69, 353371-3533711 (2004).
41. Aduda, B. O., Ravirajan, P., Choy, K. L. & Nelson, J. Effect of morphology on electron drift mobility in porous TiO2. Int. J. Photoenergy 6, 141-147 (2004).
40. Ravirajan, P. et al. in Proceddings of the 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion. (eds K. Kurokawa et al.) 2722-2725. (2003).
39. Lewis, F. A., Kandasamy, K. & Tong, X. Q. Lattice strain gradient effects on hydrogen diffusion parameter calculations. Int J Hydrogen Energy 27, 687-694, doi:10.1016/S0360-3199(01)00091-X (2002).
38. Lewis, F. A., Kandasamy, K. & Tong, X. Q. Platinum and palladium-hydrogen. Diffus Def Data Pt B 73, 207-266 (2000).


{tab=1990 to 1999}

37. Kandasamy, K., Masuda, M. & Hayashi, Y. Hydrogen-induced changes of magnetic properties of iron-chromium multilayers. J Alloys Compd 288, 13-24, doi:10.1016/S0925-8388(99)00081-X (1999).
36. Kandasamy, K., Masuda, M. & Hayashi, Y. Hydrogen-induced changes of the magnetic properties of copper-cobalt multilayers. J Alloys Compd 282, 23-31 (1999).
35. Kandasamy, K., Lewis, F. A., Sakamoto, Y. & Tong, X. Q. Hydrogen pressure and electrical resistivity dependencies on hydrogen content in the Pd81Pt19 Hn system. Int J Hydrogen Energy 24, 759-761, doi:10.1016/S0360-3199(98)00124-4 (1999).
34. Kandasamy, K. & Lewis, F. A. Important Gorsky effect influences on diffusion coefficients in metal-hydrogen systems. Int J Hydrogen Energy 24, 763-769, doi:10.1016/S0360-3199(98)00125-6 (1999).
33. Tong, X. Q., Sakamoto, Y., Lewis, F. A., Bucur, R. V. & Kandasamy, K. “Uphill” hydrogen diffusion effects and hydrogen diffusion coefficients in palladium. Int J Hydrogen Energy 22, 141-144 (1997).
32. Lewis, F. A., Tong, X. Q., Bucur, R. V. & Kandasamy, K. in Defect and Diffusion Forum Vol. 148-149   161-164 (Trans Tech Publications Ltd, (1997).
31. Kandasamy, K. & Lewis, F. A. in Defect and Diffusion Forum Vol. 150-151   56-65 (Trans Tech Publications Ltd, (1997).
30. Sakamoto, Y., Tanaka, H., Lewis, F. A., Tong, X. Q. & Kandasamy, K. “Uphill” hydrogen diffusion effects of hydrogen interstitial strain gradients in palladium and palladium alloys. Int J Hydrogen Energy 21, 1025-1032 (1996).
29. Lewis, F. A., Kandasamy, K., McNicholl, R. A. & Tong, X. Q. Hydrogen pressure-hydrogen content and electrical resistance-hydrogen content relationships of palladium and palladium alloy-hydrogen systems. Int J Hydrogen Energy 20, 369-372, doi:10.1016/0360-3199(94)00066-9 (1995).
28. Kandasamy, K. Influences of self-induced stress on permeation flux and space-time variation of concentration during diffusion of hydrogen in a palladium alloy. Int J Hydrogen Energy 20, 455-463, doi:10.1016/0360-3199(94)00074-A (1995).
27. Lewis, F. A., Tong, X. Q., Kandasamy, K., Bucur, R. V. & Sakamoto, Y. Gorsky effect consequences of lattice expansive strain gradients in diffusion of hydrogen in metals. Thermochim Acta 218, 57-69, doi:10.1016/0040-6031(93)80411-3 (1993).
26. Lewis, F. A., Tong, X. Q. & Kandasamy, K. Lattice strain gradient influences on steady-state rates of hydrogen permeation through membranes. Int J Hydrogen Energy 18, 481-484, doi:10.1016/0360-3199(93)90004-T (1993).
25. Tong, X. Q., McNicholl, R. A., Kandasamy, K. & Lewis, F. A. Hydrogen permeation in stressed and strained membranes of palladium alloys. Int J Hydrogen Energy 17, 777-781, doi:10.1016/0360-3199(92)90021-N (1992).
24. Kandasamy, K., Tong, X. Q. & Lewis, F. A. Strain gradient influences on apparent dependences of hydrogen diffusion coefficients on hydrogen content in the Pd81Pt19H n system. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 4, L439-L446, doi:10.1088/0953-8984/4/34/001 (1992).
23. Tong, X. Q., Kandasamy, K. & Lewis, F. A. Influences of lattice strain gradients on hydrogen permeation through palladium membranes containing hydrogen contents in α, α + β and β phase concentration ranges. Scripta Metallurgica et Materiala 24, 1923-1928, doi:10.1016/0956-716X(90)90052-I (1990).

{tab=1974 to 1989} 



Lewis, F. A., Kandasamy, K. & Baranowski, B. The “uphill” diffusion of hydrogen: strain-gradient-induced effects in palladium alloy membranes. Int J Hydrogen Energy 13, 439-442, doi:10.1016/0360-3199(88)90130-9 (1988). 




Kandasamy, K., Lewis, F. A. & McKee, S. G. Hydrogen chemical potentials and phase transitions in palladium black electrodeposits. Surf. Coat. Technol. 35, 93-99, doi:10.1016/0257-8972(88)90060-6 (1988).



  Kandasamy, K. Hydrogen concentration distribution in elastic membrane during diffusion of hydrogen. Scripta Metallurgica 22, 479-481, doi:10.1016/0036-9748(88)90009-9 (1988).


  Lewis, F. A., Baranowski, B. & Kandasamy, K. Uphill diffusion effects induced by self-stresses during hydrogen diffusion through metallic membranes. Journal of The Less-Common Metals 134, 27-31, doi:10.1016/0022-5088(87)90571-6 (1987).


  Kunaratnam, K. Short-period geomagnetic variations at two stations in Sri Lanka and their relation to channelling of induced currents through a conducting region beneath the Palk Strait. Phys. Earth Planet. Inter. 49, 343-349, doi:10.1016/0031-9201(87)90035-5 (1987).


  Kandasamy, K. & Surplice, N. A. Changes of resistance, work function and Fermi level during the hydriding of Zr and Sc at 295K. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 18, 1377-1384, doi:10.1088/0022-3727/18/7/024 (1985).


  Kumaravadivel, R. & Tosi, M. P. Pair potentials and structure factors of liquid alkali metals. Il Nuovo Cimento D 4, 39-54, doi:10.1007/BF02451870 (1984).


  Kandasamy, K. & Surplice, N. A. Fermi levels of FCC and FCT hydrides of Ti and Zr. Phys Lett Sect A Gen At Solid State Phys 101, 35-37, doi:10.1016/0375-9601(84)90086-0 (1984).


  Kandasamy, K. & Surplice, N. A. The effects of hydrogen sorption on the resistance and work-function of titanium films at 290K. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 17, 387-398, doi:10.1088/0022-3727/17/2/023 (1984).
13.   Kumaravadivel, R. Thermodynamic properties of liquid metals. Journal of Physics F: Metal Physics 13, 1607-1626, doi:10.1088/0305-4608/13/8/008 (1983).
12.   Surplice, N. A. & Kandasamy, K. The phase boundaries of the H-Er, H-Sc and H-Yb systems at 295K deduced from changes of film resistance. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 15, 1117-1124, doi:10.1088/0022-3727/15/6/022 (1982).
11.   Kandasamy, K. & Surplice, N. A. The interaction of titanium films with water vapour over a wide range of pressures and exposures. Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics 15, 1089-1097, doi:10.1088/0022-3719/15/5/026(1982).
10.   Kunaratnam, K. Spatial dependence of day-time vertical polarisation of Pc 3-5 magnetic pulsations in Sri Lanka. Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics 43, 1289-1294, doi:10.1016/0021-9169(81)90154-9 (1981).
09.   Kunaratnam, K. Simplified expressions for the magnetic anomalies due to vertical rectangular prisms. Geophysical Prospecting 29, 883-890 (1981).
08.   Kandasamy, K. & Surplice, N. A. The predominance of a surface plane of high work function on Ti films. Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics 14, L61-L63, doi:10.1088/0022-3719/14/3/003 (1981).
07.   Kandasamy, K. & Surplice, N. A. The interaction of titanium films with oxygen over a wide range of pressures and exposures. Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics 13, 689-694, doi:10.1088/0022-3719/13/4/024 (1980).
06.   Surplice, N. A. & Kandasamy, K. The dissociation pressure of γ-phase titanium hydride at 20-70 degrees C. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 11, L157-L160, doi:10.1088/0022-3727/11/14/002 (1978).
05.   Kumaravadivel, R. & Evans, R. The entropies and structure factors of liquid simple metals. Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics 9, 3877-3903, doi:10.1088/0022-3719/9/21/008 (1976).
04.   Evans, R. & Kumaravadivel, R. A thermodynamic perturbation theory for the surface tension and ion density profile of a liquid metal. Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics 9, 1891-1906, doi:10.1088/0022-3719/9/10/009(1976).
03.   Kumaravadivel, R. & Evans, R. Calculations of the surface energy of simple liquid metals. Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics 8, 793-808, doi:10.1088/0022-3719/8/6/010 (1975).
02.   Kumaravadivel, R. , Evans, R. & Greenwood, D. A. The Born-Green equation for liquid metals. Journal of Physics F: Metal Physics 4, 1839-1848, doi:10.1088/0305-4608/4/11/007 (1974).



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